AI in Health Care
Zika virus belongs to the family of viruses known as Flaviviridae. This virus is spread by the Aedes mosquito, the same mosquito that carries the dengue …
Zika virus belongs to the family of viruses known as Flaviviridae. This virus is spread by the Aedes mosquito, the same mosquito that carries the dengue virus. This virus was first isolated from monkeys in 1947. It derives its name from the Zika forest of Uganda from where it was first isolated. Zika virus causes disease that last for a few days to week. To broadly mention, this virus is related to yellow fever, west Nile, dengue and Japanese encephalitis viruses.
The majority of Zika virus cases are reported in tropical regions like Brazil, Colombia, Suriname and Paraguay etc. The cities having tropical like climate (Houston, New Orleans in USA) may also have possibility of existence of Zika virus.
Zika infected mosquitoes are common in places where there is high level of poverty, warmer lowlands and warmer temperature persists.
Usually Zika virus is transmitted by an infected mosquito acting as a vector during mosquito bite. There are rare chances of transmittance of virus from person to person.
Speaking broadly the virus is not contagious. It requires a mosquito vector to pass the culprit from human to human. But theoretically blood transfusions by infected individual may allow rare person to person transmittance. Other possible ways being sexual intercourse and from mother to child during pregnancy.
Neither treatment nor vaccines against the mysterious Zika viruses are available up till now. There are not any rapid test available for the detection of this virus. However, some biotech companies claim to provide a sensitive and a rapid test for the detection of Zika virus or antibodies against it
The CDC advises against the use of aspirin or other (non-steroidal) anti-inflammatory medications that until the possibility for dengue fever is ruled out. Otherwise using aspirin may lead to hemorrhage.
Stated earlier mosquitoes are the vectors for the transmission of Zika virus so preventing mosquito bites may help to prevent the viral infection. Aedes mosquito bites are reported during the day, both indoors and outdoors.
Following protective measures are recommended by health care professionals in order to stay infection free.
Zika fever or Zika virus disease is an illness induced by Zika virus. The fever in general leads to macculo papular rash. Zika fever is considered to be an emerging infectious disease.
There is yet no treatment or vaccine for the protection against Zika virus infection therefore preventive measures are recommended to steer clear of mosquito bites during day time.
Most of the patients are unaware of the disease even after the manifestation of symptoms. Proper checkups and tests run by the health care professionals are always necessary for the detection of the virus.
Reports collected by world health organization (WHO) show that Zika virus is related to microcephaly i.e. a developmental defect of infants. Microcephaly is represented by a disabling developmental condition in which baby has a smaller head than assumed. It was found that their mothers during pregnancy were infected by the Zika virus. Because of these reasons CDC has recommended several preventive measures including the postponement of trips by the pregnant women in any trimester to the areas where Zika virus outbreak is ongoing.
If at all they must travel they should seek their health care provider first and strictly follow the points to avoid mosquito bites during day.